The CRE will drive dissemination and translation of its research outcomes into clinical practice and policy through publishing in high quality, peer-reviewed journals, engagement with relevant peak professional associations (e.g. Australian Physiotherapy Association, RACGP), delivery of professional development courses for graduate clinicians, and presenting outcomes at the annual CRE symposia and at other national and international conferences.




1. Latest publications by the CRE team

arrell, Scott F.; Edmunds, Devon; Fletcher, John; Martine, Harry; Mohamed, Hashem; Liimatainen, Jenna; Sterling, Michele. Effectiveness of psychological interventions delivered by physiotherapists in the management of neck pain: a systematic review with meta-analysis. PAIN Reports 8(3):p e1076, May/June 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/PR9.0000000000001076.

Bhavya Adalja, Tammy Aplin, Michele Sterling & Venerina Johnston (2023): Implementation of the “clinical framework for the delivery of health services” by treating healthcare professionals: perspectives of regulators and insurers, Disability and Rehabilitation,
DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2023.2171496.

Connelly, L., Courbage, C. On insurance and health risksGeneva Pap Risk Insur Issues Pract 48, 1–4 (2023),

Chloe-Emily Eather, Matthew J. Gullo, Rachel A. Elphinston. Reward drive moderates the effect of depression-related cognitive mechanisms on risk of prescription opioid misuse among patients with chronic non-cancer pain. The Journal of Pain, 2022, ISSN 1526-5900.

de Zoete, Rutger M. J., Coppieters, Iris, and Farrell, Scott F. (2022). Editorial: Whiplash-associated disorder-advances in pathophysiology, patient assessment and clinical management. Frontiers in Pain Research 3 1071810,

Farrell, Scott F., Kho, Pik-Fang, Lundberg, Mischa, Campos, Adrián I., Rentería, Miguel E., de Zoete, Rutger M.J., Sterling, Michele, Ngo, Trung Thanh, and Cuéllar-Partida, Gabriel (2022). A shared genetic signature for common chronic pain conditions and its impact on biopsychosocial traitsThe Journal of Pain.

Rutger M. J. de Zoete, Jane Nikles, Jeff S. Coombes, Patrick Onghena & Michele Sterling (2022) The effectiveness of aerobic versus strengthening exercise therapy in individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorder: a randomised single case experimental design studyDisability and Rehabilitation, DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2022.2127937

Nikles, J., Evans, K., Hams, A., and Sterling, M. (2022). A systematic review of N-of-1 trials and single case experimental designs in physiotherapy for musculoskeletal conditionsMusculoskeletal Science and Practice 62 102639.

Shraim, Muath A.; Sluka, Kathleen A.; Sterling, Michele; Arendt-Nielsen, Lars; Argoff, Charles; Bagraith, Karl S.; Baron, Ralf; Brisby, Helena; Carr, Daniel B.; Chimenti, Ruth L.; Courtney, Carol A.; Curatolo, Michele; et al. Features and methods to discriminate between mechanism-based categories of pain experienced in the musculoskeletal system: a Delphi expert consensus study. PAIN 163(9):p 1812-1828, September 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000002577.

Nikles, Jane, Johnston, Amy, van Driel, Mieke, Perez, Siegfried, Ritchie, Carrie, Elphinston, Rachel, and Sterling, Michele (2022). A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions to improve opioid prescribing in ED for acute non-admitted musculoskeletal pain. Recover Injury Research Centre, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, 6 October 2022.

Carrie Ritchie, Kelly Clanchy, Michele Sterling, Robyn Tate, Esther J. Smits, Melissa Day, Jane Nikles, Jenna Liimatainen & Sean M. Tweedy (2022) Evaluation of a physical activity promotion intervention for adults with whiplash associated disorders: a single-case experimental design study, Disability and Rehabilitation, 44:23, 7255-7268, DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1989062.

Gopinath, B., Jagnoor, J., Kifley, A. et al. Health literacy and recovery following a non-catastrophic road traffic injuryBMC Public Health 22, 1380 (2022),

Rachel A. Elphinston, Atiyeh Vaezipour, James A. Fowler, Trevor G. Russell & Michele Sterling (2022): Psychological therapy using virtual reality for treatment of driving phobia: a systematic review, Disability and Rehabilitation, DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2022.2069293.

Elphinston, Rachel A., Pager, Sue, Brown, Kelly, Sterling, Michele, Fatehi, Farhad, Gray, Paul, Hipper, Linda, Cahill, Linda, and Connor, Jason P. (2022). The first step in co-design of a digital brief intervention to reduce prescription opioid related harm, informed by patient lived experiences: a qualitative analysis.

Yates, Eloise, Buckley, Lisa, Sterling, Michele, Cruwys, Tegan, Ashton-James, Claire, Rankin, Renee, and Elphinston, Rachel (2022). Interest in digital peer-delivered interventions and preferences to improve pain self-efficacy amongst patients with chronic pain: a mixed methods co-design study.

Fundaun, Joel, Kolski, Melissa, Baskozos, Georgios, Dilley, Andrew, Sterling, Michele, and Schmid, Annina B. (2022). Nerve pathology and neuropathic pain after whiplash injury: a systematic review and meta-analysisPain 163 (7) e789-e811.

Yates, Eloise, Buckley, Lisa, Sterling, Michele, Cruwys, Tegan, Ashton-James, Claire, Rankin, Renee, and Elphinston, Rachel (2022). Interest in Digital Peer-Delivered Interventions and Preferences to Improve Pain Self-Efficacy and Reduce Loneliness amongst Patients with Chronic Pain: A Mixed Methods Co-Design Study (Preprint). JMIR Formative Research.

Bandong, Aila Nica, Rebbeck, Trudy, Mackey, Martin, Sterling, Michele, Kelly, Joan, Ritchie, Carrie, and Leaver, Andrew (2022). Selective acceptance of acute whiplash guidelines: a qualitative analysis of perceptions of health professionals in AustraliaDisability and Rehabilitation 1-8.

Elphinston, Rachel A., Pager, Sue, Fatehi, Farhad, Sterling, Michele, Brown, Kelly, Gray, Paul, Hipper, Linda, Cahill, Lauren , Ziadni, Maisa, Worthy, Peter, and Connor, Jason P. (2022). Applying patient and health professional preferences as part of co-designing a new digital brief intervention to reduce prescription opioid harm.

Hung KKC, Kifley A, Brown K, Jagnoor J, Craig A, Gabbe B, Derrett S, Collie A, Dinh M, Gopinath B, Cameron ID; FISH Investigators (2022). Psychological Distress, Pain and Insurance Claims Negatively Affect Long-Term Health-Related Quality of Life After Road Traffic InjuriesJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine54Jul 5;54:jrm00310. doi: 10.2340/jrm.v54.30.

Papic C, Kifley A, Craig A, Grant G, Collie A, Pozzato I, Gabbe B, Derrett S, Rebbeck T, Jagnoor J, Cameron ID  (2022). Factors associated with long term work incapacity following a non-catastrophic road traffic injury: analysis of a two-year prospective cohort studyBMC Public Health Volume 22, Article number: 1498. . doi: 10.1186/s12889-022-13884-5

Kosek, Eva, Clauw, Daniel, Nijs, Jo, Baron, Ralf, Gilron, Ian, Harris, Richard E., Mico, Juan-Antonio, Rice, Andrew S C, and Sterling, Michele (2022). Reply to CohenPain 163 (4) e607-e608.

Elphinston, Rachel A., Sullivan, Michael J. L., Sterling, Michele, Connor, Jason. P., Baranoff, John A., Tan, Dylan, and Day, Melissa A. (2022). Pain medication beliefs mediate the relationship between pain catastrophizing and opioid prescription use in patients with chronic non-cancer painJournal of Pain 23 (3) 379-389.

Griffin AR, Sterling M, Ritchie C, Kifley A, Jagnoor J, Cameron ID, Rebbeck T. Do expectations of recovery improve risk assessment for people with whiplash-associated disorders? Secondary analysis of a prospective cohort studyBMC Musculoskelet Disord 23, 395 (2022), . doi: 10.1186/s12891-022-05242-8.

Nikles, Jane, Keijzers, Gerben, Mitchell, Geoffrey, Farrell, Scott F., Perez, Siegfried, Schug, Stephan, Ware, Robert S., McLean, Samuel A., Connelly, Luke B., and Sterling, Michele (2022). Pregabalin vs placebo to prevent chronic pain after whiplash injury in at-risk individuals: Results of a feasibility study for a large randomised controlled trialPain 163 (2) E274-E284.

Alalawi, Ahmed, Mazaheri, Masood, Gallina, Alessio, Luque-Suarez, Alejandro, Sterling, Michele, and Falla, Deborah (2022). Are measures of physical function of the neck region associated with poor prognosis following a whiplash trauma?: A systematic reviewClinical Journal of Pain 38 (3) 208-221.